The Tate conjecture

July 23 to July 27, 2007

at the

American Institute of Mathematics, San Jose, California

organized by

Dinakar Ramakrishnan and Wayne Raskind

Original Announcement

This workshop will be devoted to the conjecture of Tate which characterizes the cohomology classes of algebraic cycles on an algebraic varietyX over a field k that is finitely generated over the prime field in terms of the fixed space of even-dimensional l-adic etale cohomology under the action of the absolute Galois group G of k. Here l is a prime number different from the characteristic of k. This conjecture is an arithmetic analogue of the Hodge conjecture for varieties over the complex numbers. While the Tate conjecture is over 40 years old and has been verified in many cases, we still lack a true understanding of why it should hold in general. The main purpose of the workshop is to bring experts in various aspects of the field together to synthesize the known methods and then develop strategies for understanding and attacking the conjecture in a more general way.

The main topics on which we will focus include:

  1. many examples for which the Tate conjecture is known amount to explicit computations of the rank of the group of algebraic cycles of codimension i modulo homological equivalence on X, of the order of the pole of the corresponding L-function, and of the dimension of the fixed space of the l-adic etale cohomology group H2i(X-;Ql(i)) under the action of G; the conjecture predicts that these three numbers are same. Here X- denotes scalar extension of X to a separable closure of k. One theme of the conference will be to synthesize the methods used for these computations and to suggest problems for students and other young mathematicians in this direction.
  2. methods coming from the theory of motives that have been applied recently by Andre and Milne. These have been especially effective for varieties over finite fields. Another theme of the conference will be to see how such methods may be applied in other cases.
  3. the relation between the conjecture of Birch and Swinnerton-Dyer for elliptic curves over function fields over finite fields and the Tate conjecture for surfaces over finite fields. The idea here is to see how methods used in this case might be transported back to the number field case.
  4. Combining several methods and results, it appears as if the Tate conjecture for divisors on Shimura varieties is within reach. We will review these techniques and discuss what more needs to be done to achieve this result.
  5. the method of Faltings using heights to prove the Tate conjecture in some cases for abelian varieties and how this might be adapted to other cases. The Tate conjecture grew out of such a statement about abelian varieties and we could hope that a proof of the Tate conjecture in more general cases might grow out of Faltings' proof.
The goal is to find some "cross-fertilization" between these methods that will increase the power of each of them. We expect to have a proceedings that will summarize work done on the conjecture and suggest some open problems that appear tractable. This will be especially valuable for students.

The organizers hope that participants might be willing to share any vague and/or unpublished ideas they might have about the Tate conjecture in the working sessions, and that the atmosphere and format of AIM workshops will be conducive to significant progress being achieved during or shortly after the meeting.

Material from the workshop

A list of participants.

The workshop schedule.

A report on the workshop activities.

Papers arising from the workshop:

A rank inequality for the Tate Conjecture over global function fields
by  Christopher Lyons
Nonhomeomorphic conjugates of connected Shimura varieties
by  James S. Milne and Junecue Suh
Split reductions of simple abelian varieties
by  Jeff Achter