for this workshop
Markov chain mixing times
American Institute of Mathematics, San Jose, California
Nathanael Berestycki, Eyal Lubetzky, Roberto I. Oliveira, and Yuval Peres
This workshop, sponsored by AIM and the NSF, will be devoted to new connections between the topic of Markov chain mixing times and other subareas of modern probability theory. In recent years, techniques from interacting particle systems, maximal inequalities and coalescence and fragmentation have been used in novel and subtle ways, yielding proofs of some old conjectures on the cutoff effect and raising new questions such as the dependence on the initial condition. Our goal will be to make further advances in these directions, with four main focus topics.
- Harris representations relate interacting particle systems to space time percolation processes, and have been fundamental in recent proofs of the cutoff effect for the subcritical Ising model in three dimensions (Lubetzky & Sly) and the one-dimensional interchange process (Lacoin). Extending these techniques to more general systems (Potts models, interchange on general graphs) is a major goal for our workshop.
- Maximal inequalities are a classical topic in probability. Recently, Basu, Hermon and Peres managed to relate cutoff to concentration of hitting times by using Starr's maximal inequality for revesible chains. Exploring other potential uses of this and related inequalities is another important goal of our workshop.
- Coalescence and fragmentation ideas have appeaed in recent papers by Beresticki/Schramm/Zeitouni, Pillai/Smith and others. In particular, Berestycki and Sengul have relied on this to prove that there is cutoff for a broad family of conjugation invariant random walks on the symmetric group. We intend to further investigate coalescence and fragmentation ideas for Markov chain mixing during our workshop.
- Sensitivity to initial condition and robustness. Recent papers have shown that the mixing time of a chain and the presence of cutoff may noth depend on the initial state. This is the case e.g. in the giant component of $G(n,p)$ (Berestycki/Lubetzky/Peres/Sly) and high temperature Glauber dynamics (Lubetzky/Sly). This is parallel to the question of robustness of mixing times and cutoff phenomena to bounded changes in the geometry of the underlying graph. We intend to investigate how general this phenomenon may be.
The workshop will differ from typical conferences in some regards. Participants will be invited to suggest open problems and questions before the workshop begins, and these will be posted on the workshop website. These include specific problems on which there is hope of making some progress during the workshop, as well as more ambitious problems which may influence the future activity of the field. Lectures at the workshop will be focused on familiarizing the participants with the background material leading up to specific problems, and the schedule will include discussion and parallel working sessions.
The deadline to apply for support to participate in this workshop has passed.
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